Cairo, “Al Qahira”, is Egypt’s capital city, the largest city of the Middle East and Africa and home for 18 million people of the Nile Valley, the Delta, and the deserts, as well as foreign businessmen, scholars, and refugees – a true melting pot of different cultures.
Cairo’s history starts four and a half thousand years ago. Cairo managed to keep its culture and traditions over this long period of time. It combines the past and the present. Millenniums of history have left their marks on the city where technology and monuments exist side by side.
Cairo is located in the north east of the country on the right Nile side and comprises an area of 214 km2. The city also includes both islands Gezira with Zamalek and Roda. In the west bank you will find the Gouvernorat al-Dschiza (el-Giza) as well as the ancient Egyptian city of Memphis (Giza) and the Pyramids.
The city center can be divided in two big parts; the traditional and the modern part. The traditional part is located near the Zidadelle and Muqattam. Next to the archeological excavation of Al Fustat you will find the Coptic Christian part of Cairo.
The modern part of Cairo includes the business part and is bounded of the Midan et-Tahrir, the Midan el-Opera, the Ramses mainstation and the Nile. Timelessness is what Cairo is all about and time is what it needs to be given, in order for it to reveal just a part of its secrets.
Alexandria, known as “The Pearl of the Mediterranean Sea” is the second largest city in Egypt and has an atmosphere that is more Mediterranean than Middle Eastern. Its ambiance and cultural heritage distance it from the rest of the country although it is only 225 km away from Cairo.
You can enjoy in Alexandria a big variety of sightseeing highlights.
Once the ancient Egyptian capital of Thebes, Luxor is located about 670 km south of Cairo and contains the greatest achievements of Egyptian architecture. Here in a sort of open-air museum that occupies both banks of the Nile is the highest construction of monuments in ancient Egypt. Luxor is famous for its temples and the King Valley, which contains many of the tombs of Phaorohs, including Tutankhamun and Ramesses the Great. Furthermore, there is the Luxor Temple, Luxor Museum, the Hatshepsut Temple, the Karnak complex of temples which is famous for its main Hypostyle Hall and the Ramesseum which is one of the major temples of Luxor.
From Luxor you can take Nile cruises south to Aswan, visit the magnificent temples in Kom Ombo, Edfu and Esna take tours to the first Oasis in the Western Desert or head to Hurghada on the Red Sea.
Luxor has attracted tourists and treasure hunters all over its history who camped in or around the tombs and temples or stayed on board their sailing boats and today with more tombs and temples uncovered more tourists eager to visit them, more hotels need to accommodate them. Luxor hosts numerous luxurious hotels and Nile cruises catering to every taste and offering tourists unforgettable experiences.
Aswan, known as the southern gate of Egypt, is famous for the view of the Nile, the Aghakhan tomb, the High Dam and the Philae Temple. From Aswan you can cruise on the Nasser Lake, the biggest lake made by man in the world.
As a beautiful winter resort Aswan enjoys a dry temperate climate, is situated on the eastern bank of the Nile, 899 km south of Cairo, linking Egypt with Sudan, and is the gate to the African continent. In Pharaonic times the town was known as “Suno” (the Market) later changed to “Aswan” by the Arabs. Much quieter than Luxor Aswan is small enough to walk around and is graced with the most beautiful setting on the Nile, dotted with islands, covered with shady gardens. The two main ones are Elephantine and Kitchener’s Islands which are the sites of botanical gardens. Elephantine Island is the biggest and has timeless artifacts dating from pre-dynastic times onward.
Sharm El Sheikh:
Sharm el Sheikh is located 336 km from Suez, 491 km from Cairo (less than an hour by plane) and 20 km from Ras Mohammed at the southernmost tip of the Sinai Peninsula. With its golden beaches, warm sun, azure sea and the luxury of five-star hotels and resorts Sharm el Sheikh can be truly dubbed the “Red Sea Riviera”. A thriving holiday resort and one of the most popular ones in Egypt, both in summer and winter due to its excellent climate all year round. Most hotels, restaurants, casinos, nightclubs, shopping centers, water sports and activities are found in Naama Bay. It is the center of tourist activities.